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    Entries in Discipleship (15)


    A Simple Discipleship Tool for Bible Reading and Group Life :: Arrows

    Photo by Roj

    Auxano's Vision Room recently shared a simple discipleship tool from The Church at Cherryvale.


    If you're a church leader, you've been part of group life, or you've urged someone to be part of group life. And among the things you ask people to do, you expect them to read the Bible and discuss it with others in their group. We don't always explain how to do the study or provide an aproach, we just expect it.

    But we've all been part of group Bible studies that don't seem to get anywhere. They lack direction, or the discussion of the text boils down to a sequence of "what this text means to me..." statements. A method or approach is absent. I would hope your groups are an exception to this experience, but in most cases, I doubt it.

    That's the genious of the arrow model. The Church at Cherryvale iconographically represents seven key questions every group should ask of a text. Those questions are:

    • What does this passage say?
    • What does this passage mean to its original audience?
    • What does this passage tell us about God?
    • What does this passage tell us about people?
    • What does this passage demand of me?
    • How does this passage change the way I relate to people?
    • How does this passage prompt me to pray?

    Visit the Vision Room to see how these seven questions are represented. Then, present them to your group leaders. Use them. The bookmark idea, noted at the end of the article, is worth replicating.

    These questions will spark discussion, and foster growth.

    That's what we want. That's discipleship.


    Book Review :: Dallas Willard's Hearing God

    Dallas Willard’s Hearing God, Updated and Expanded: Developing a Conversational Relationship with God is the most practical, straightforward, and helpful theological resource on communicating with God I have ever encountered. Communicating with God may very well be the most pressing and least understood aspect of the Christian spiritual life today, and too often, I have worked with people who do not expect to hear from God, or who believe hearing from God is a spiritual experience reserved only for select holy men and women. This is despite the fact they have been invited to enter a “personal relationship with God.”

    Moving methodically and with precision, Willard introduces the reader to the “paradox in the contemporary experience and understanding of hearing God.” On the one hand, “we have massive testimony to and widespread faith in God’s personal, guiding communication with us,” and on the other we “find a pervasive and often painful uncertainty about how hearing God’s voice actually works.” Willard then gives guidelines for hearing from God, assurance that God is with us, an examination of God’s speaking in the created order, and the nature of God’s voice as “still and small” amidst competing voices. Then, Willard examines God’s Word and God’s rule, the transformation that comes through hearing and believing the gospel about Jesus, the ongoing role of Scripture in furthering that transformation in the life of the disciple, wisdom in how we discern God’s voice, and, lastly, how we listen for God in the everyday, beyond matters of simple guidance, growing in friendship with him. This book is narrowly focused but incredibly deep, laser-like but possessing a unique breadth. It is a treasure.

    Willard writes with a pastoral tone, expressing concern for those who have, so often, shared with him their difficulties in hearing God. Very gently, Willard reminds those who believe their prayers do not pass the ceiling that “God is beneath the ceiling.” God is near. God hears you. God has spoken, and his Word still rings out. God wants you to listen, and to discern God’s voice. Countless examples from Scripture, and the testimony of many Christians known and obscure confirm that God is a God who has spoken, and who speaks. God is good, and will teach all who are willing to learn to communicate with him “as a friend.”

    Willard is also a Christian philosopher. In my view, this is a strength. The author has given this matter careful thought, and has surveyed a broad range of theological and autobiographical writings on the subject of hearing God. He moves the reader through the finer points of hearing the divine voice, discerning God’s will, and living life before God in “the kingdom of the heavens.” Patient and thoughtful readers will be rewarded in considering the book as a whole, not only in reading those portions considered “practical.” We don’t “get to the point” when learning to hear God, we get to the person. God is a person, not a machine that can be manipulated through our own power. When we meet the Person and are initiated in to the life of the kingdom Jesus announced and enacted, the adventure begins, the conversation broadens, the world takes on a new shape. We do not control God’s speaking by mastering a “hearing technique.” That’s good news.

    If God is personal, and we enter a relationship to God, wouldn’t it make sense to communicate with this person who is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit? As Willard notes, a brief biblical survey of ordinary people like Abraham, Moses, Miriam, David, or Mary reveals that God is certainly an awe-inspiring figure, but near enough to befriend his human creatures. In one of the more profound insights explored in this book, Willard argues God’s greatness is amplified by his lowliness. If God desires to establish friendship with those who seek communion in his presence, he most certainly can bring it to pass.

    Once the premise that God can, and does, communicate with us is accepted, all that is left is to establish the ways and means we might experience such communication. That is no small task. How, exactly, does one discern God’s speaking? What role does Scripture play? What pitfalls exist, and how might we avoid them? What about those who abuse others through the claim they have heard from God? To what degree does God communicate his will for our lives, and to what extent do we possess a freedom to choose that which we believe is best? Willard addresses these questions, and others.

    A unique feature of the Updated & Expanded edition is the incorporation of lectio divina, or “sacred reading.” A bugaboo for some due to association with Catholic spirituality or mysticism (unfounded, in my opinion), lectio can be helpful when regarded as a means by which to discern God’s voice, and not as a means to some esoteric experience of God. Six familiar passages of Scripture are highlighted, complementing material in six of the chapters. The reader is invited to read, reflect, respond, and rest in the text. The inclusion of this type of Bible reading trains us  with regard to how God has spoken in the past, and in hearing God’s voice today.

    For those reading this book with others, each chapter ends with a series of discussion questions that review content and broaden the conversation. As noted on the back cover, a companion DVD resource is also available as a separate purchase. Taking on this topic with others isn’t a bad idea; you will find that a community of others learning to communicate with God is an immense help in understanding and applying the truths contained in this book.

    Lastly, I have read many books on Christian spiritual formation, and specifically on learning to hear God’s voice. Hearing God is unparalleled. It is a complex, sophisticated book, but it is incredibly clear and direct, immensely edifying for the diligent. Don’t let other reviewers dissuade you by describing this book as one “for seminarians.” I have read this book twice, and missed many key aspects on my first reading.

    But great books are worth rereading. They continue to teach us, as we change, grow, and develop. This is just such a book.

    If you found this review helpful, head over to Amazon and tell others.


    Change in the Christian Life is Possible.

    I believe that it is a common problem of all Christian people to say that despite earnest efforts, change is difficult, hard, appears slow, and, in some cases, quite out of reach. There are some facets of our character that seem to be immutable, or fixed, beyond change.

    It is quite a modern problem, and one that is accelerated and reinforced by our situation in this time and place, that the expectations we have for the spiritual life is that it will be one of fast ascent or rapid development. But if you have read John Bunyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress, you would know that Christian does not make his journey from home to the Celestial City in a day.

    You would know that it is the trials that reinforce the virtues of the Christian life, and the companionship of others along the way that can make for refinement or detriment in character.

    You would also know that the object of faith, the destination on the journey, is one that has been fixed, and that we move toward through a kind of plodding.

    The progress is determined in large part by the declared intention, or decision, to set out on the journey and remain steadfast in bringing it to completion, and one of the joys of the Christian life is knowing that it is Christ himself who has and will supply the grace needed for us to accomplish our aim.


    The Best Response to Occupy Wall Street I Have Seen

    Father Dwight Longenecker is quite a sage.  He sets up his response to Occupy Wall Street brilliantly.  He writes:

    Are you fed up with the greed of bankers, corporate giants, and stock market wheeler dealers? Would you like to protest publicly against the corruption of politicians, the violence of the military establishment and the wanton disregard for the poor?

    Would you like to join a worldwide movement that lives a life that publicly subverts the establishment and endorses freedom from corruption, greed, violence and negativity of all sorts?

    Would you like to grow a beard, wear sandals, put on cool, but trashy clothes and 'relate' to the poor? Would you like to do all this with a spirit of happiness and peace, develop a deep spirituality and also have a job for life?

    Would you like to do all this in the heart of New York City--the capital of capitalism?

    Click here to read the remainder of his response.

    Witty, clever, and so radically alternative I have to love it.  And rather than ranting against the workings of the world based upon political theory, beatnik activism, or an abstract satisfaction of the human quest for meaning through activism, Longenecker provides a spiritual solution, one that points to a way of being grounded in the reality of God through community.  Read his post.


    Formation in Christlikeness Conference at Friends University


    This post is a little late in coming, considering this conference was three weeks ago.  But what follows are my reflections from the Aprentis event, written at various intervals since returning home.

    Molly and I recently travelled to Wichita, Kansas to be present at the Formation in Christlikeness: The Process of Change Conference, hosted by the Aprentis Institute for Christian Spiritual Formation at Friends University.  Keynote speakers were Dallas Willard, James Bryan Smith, Scot McKnight, Mindy Caliguire, James Catford, and Eduardo Pedreira.

    Our time couldn't have been more delightful.  I ran into some of the friends I met last spring at Barclay College.  I saw others that I have come to know over the past few years, and finally introduced my wife to some of these extraordinary folks.  The content was profound, with an especially interesting dialogue begun by Dallas Willard on the nature of the atonement and it's meaning for our conception of God.  The music was moving as well.  Christian conferences are often remarkable because of the music.  I have found this to be so not because of the performance of the musicians or the talent of those leading.  Rather, I have found this to be so because of the fervor with which those in attendance sing.

    The conference centered on the theme of formation.  How do we become spiritually formed?  What are the practices, the ideas, the narratives, the postures that shape us?  And how does our formation influence and determine the witness of the church?  An oft made point, by Willard and others, is that we are always undergoing a process of formation.  The challenge comes concerning our responsibility to conceive of a vision for our lives, a decision to live in accordance with that vision, and our engagement with the means necessary for our us to embody and embrace that vision.  For Christian people, this includes developing our conception of God in accordance with what we find in the person of Jesus and the testimony of the Bible, making a determination not only to be converts to Christ, but disciples, and utilizing exercises such as prayer, service, study, worship, and other such disciplines to create a space wherein we might be shaped us as followers of Jesus.

    Three conversation capture the essence of our weekend.

    Conversation One: The Kingdom is Safe

    While speaking with a gentleman after arriving at Friends University, I asked a question about this person's history with Renovare, with Jim Smith, with Dallas Willard, and their particular church background.  I asked about his familiarity with The Apprentice Series, and with what Friends currently was seeking to develop on campus through the Christian Spiritual Formation Institute.  He was enthusiastic to be present at the event, knowing much about these materials and these developments at Friends, and was encouraged by the tone of the presenters and of the conference attendees.

    Having a very diverse church and theological background, this gentleman remarked that what had impressed him most in his experiences with Renovare, and what excited him about this event, was the fact that there was a feeling of safety at these events, a sense that a variety of traditions and perspectives could be presented and heard with grace.  This does not negate the fact that there is some Truth all are seeking; only that the quest for Truth is conducted in a gentle manner, allowing for diversity, listening to the other, while at the same time thinking critical about the accounts of formation, of Jesus, of the Bible, or other doctrinal concerns that are offered.

    And this is right.  Christian people who have been formed in the image of Christ will embody the ideals of seriousness and safety.  Within the Kingdom, our longing for union with God is affirmed, and the seriousness of life within that Kingdom is palatable.  The Kingdom is safe, never in trouble, and open and available to all whom God calls.

    Conversation Two: Spiritual Growth Requires Attentiveness and Self-Awareness

    Molly and I were blessed to discuss growth in the Christian life.  This conference gave us an opportunity and a language to assess our own spiritual well-being, our own health as disciples of Jesus.  Molly found that she is spread very thin, and does not often take the required time for rest and reflection and prayer and study.  She realized how critical this calling is for her congregation.

    I spend a great deal of time in study; reading and reflecting on that which I read.  But I also spend too much time looking at screens, or being distracted by social networks, or failing to slow down long enough to pay careful attention to what God might be saying.

    Together, me and my spouse were fortunate enough to explore the type of environment we are fostering in our home for our spiritual development, as well as the development of our daughter.

    Conversation Three: Christian Spiritual Formation is a Growing Edge in Publishing

    Lastly, for those that are writers, there is a need for resources in the area of Christian spiritual formation.  Many of the existing resources are autobiographical, or along the lines of memoir.  Spiritual formation books are criticized for being too individualistic.  There is a hunger for sophisticated, theologically complex accounts of the spiritual life, and, according to one voice in the room, there is a need for more reflection on the role of the body in spiritual formation.

    Christian Spiritual Formation is a growing edge in publishing.  If you've got a book proposal, you should submit it to a well respected publishing house.

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